Eulalia Moreno Mañas
Escudo Ministerio
Estación Experimental
de Zonas Áridas
It's time for reseach, time for life... it's time for the CSIC
(Mapa del sitio: Omitir vínculos de exploración)

Eulalia Moreno Mañas

Education and Training

PhD Zoology. Universidad Complutense. Madrid. 1985. 
Fleming Fellowship (British Council). Sub-Department of Ornithology. Natural History Museum. UK. 1987-88.
Postdoctoral Fellowships. Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales – CSIC. Madrid. 1988-1993.

Other information

EEP coordinator for Gazella cuvieri

Studbook keeper for Gazella cuvieri (co-studbook keeper: Gerardo Espeso)

Member of the Taxonomic and Advisory Group of Antelopes and Giraffes of the EAZA and chair of its Research subgroup

Member of the Scientific Committee of the EAZA (European Association for Zoos and Aquaria)

Member of the Scientific Council of the Spanich MaB Committee (2009-2012)

Member of the IUCN/SSC Reintroduction Specialist Group (2001-2003)

Postal Address:
Estación Experimental de Zonas Áridas – CSIC
Ctra. de Sacramento s/n
E-04120 Almería (SPAIN)
Tel: +34 950 281045
Fax: +34 950 277100


Research Interests

There are three primary lines of research I am interested in:

Population biology, trying to develop tools for enhancing captive breeding management. Captive breeding of a threatened species is an important and in some cases very successful tool for species conservation. For most captive breeding programmes a studbook is maintained which include detailed records of information such as births, deaths, genealogical relationships, and other biological data for all the individuals of the species maintained in captivity. By using studbook data of the species of ungulates housed in La Hoya Experimental Field Station (Nanger dama mhorr and Gazella cuvieri), I try to provide an insight into the demographic information of the registered populations to be used further in their management and captive breeding programmes and future re-introductions.
 • Conservation genetics of endangered ungulates. Since small populations are likely to lose genetic variation and suffer from inbreeding depression, I try to implement conservation strategies designed in genetic terms to monitor and avoid these effects as short-term goals, and to retain reestablishment or adaptive potential in nature (reintroduced populations) as the long-term goal.
 • Birds and global change. Although there is no perfect indicator, many studies suggest birds meet a broad array of criteria defined to select one taxon as indicator of climate change. We are interested in identifying bird species that can be used as indicators of global change in arid and semi-arid environments. They are ecologically fragile habitats. Their species exhibit a restrictive geographical distribution and a wide range of morphological, physiological and even behavioural adaptations to their harsh environment. Very likely  some of these "arid" birds represent keystone species potentially useful as indicators of the effect of global change.  We try to develop a practical approach to be used by wildlife managers and policymakers to identify indicators of global change by using bird data.


1) Current projects

Efecto de factores ambientales en interacciones parásito-hospedador. Aplicabilidad a la conservación de fauna silvestre. (CGL2008 00562/BOS). 2008-2012. Member of the team. 
Abstract: Abiotic factors can influence host-parasite interactions in different ways, determining the distribution of the parasites or their vectors, modifying key aspects of their life cycles (with significant consequences both in terms of abundance or ability to synchronize their life cycles with the ones of the host ) and favouring specialization processes. However, our knowledge about the interaction between abiotic factors and host-parasite relations is limited in many basic aspects. Even though there is increasing evidence that implicates pathogens and parasites in population declines or identifies them as important threats to the conservation of endangered species, the risk posed by these organisms is hard to evaluate in absence of basic information. Moreover, even when such information is present it is uncommon to include it in management and conservation programmes. This is particularly the case of conservation programmes based on reintroduction of individuals kept out of their natural range that may result in increased exposure to parasites both for the focal species as well as for the native, non-managed species. This project aims at increasing our knowledge of the effect of key abiotic factors (namely temperature, humidity and photoperiod) on the distribution and life cycle of different parasites both in natural and human-managed conditions. Specifically, we intend to: i) gain basic knowledge of some main mechanisms, like diapause, hibernation and hypobiosis, by which parasites respond to abiotic factors, and the subsequent consequences of such mechanisms on the relationships between the parasites and their hosts, ii) assess the risk posed by parasites to conservation programmes based on the reintroduction of captive individuals by studying the effect of abiotic factors on the community of parasites of three endangered ungulate species at a broad spatial scale. By studying the relationship between abiotic factors, parasites and hosts in different systems (bird-ectoparasites, mammal-endoparasites) and circumstances (natural conditions, human-managed situations) and with a multidisciplinary approach (ecological, evolutionary, parasitological, veterinary), we intend to obtain conclusions applicable to conservation programs in an attempt to improve their success by integrating basic, frequently overlooked constituents of any ecological system, i.e. parasites and environmental factors.
Reinforcement of the Nanger dama mhorr population in Senegal. Leader of the project. Funded by the OAPN of the Spanish Ministry of Environment and the UNESCO. 2010-2012.
Abstract: The reintroduction of threatened and endangered species has emerged as a widespread method for reestablishing populations to stave of extinction. But unfortunately success rates of establishing self-sustaining populations are low (typically less than 50%). Reintroduction projects are very expensive for the institutions participating in it, and big efforts have to be made to ensure their success. The IUCN guidelines for reintroductions stated that before doing any reinforcement, it is essential to identify those factors that have impeded the increase of the (reintroduced) population. Their elimination or reduction to a sufficient level to ensure a good chance of success in the subsequent reinforcement should be a previous step to the proper reinforcement. The main objective of this three-years project is, therefore, to identify the likely causes of the decline of a population of Nanger dama mhorr previously reintroduced in Senegal by testing several alternative, non exclusive hypotheses. The reinforcement of the population will be the final step.
GLOCHARID: Global Change in Arid Ecosystems. Sub-project Biology: Fauna - Birds. Funded by Consejería de Medio Ambiente. Junta de Andalucía (Autonomous Govern for Andalusia).
Abstract: We are interested in identifying bird species that can be used as indicators of global change in arid and semi-arid environments. They are ecologically fragile habitats. Their species exhibit a restrictive geographical distribution and a wide range of morphological, physiological and even behavioural adaptations to their harsh environment. Very likely  some of these "arid" birds represent keystone species potentially useful as indicators of the effect of global change.  We try to develop a practical approach to be used by wildlife managers and policymakers to identify indicators of global change by using bird data.

2) Full list of projects

  • Estudio de una especie de reciente colonización, Bucanetes githagineus, indicadora de zonas áridas: ecogenética, ecomorfología, ecofisiología e implicaciones para su conservación. REN2002-00169/GLO. 2002-2005.
  • Consecuencias del manejo forestal sobre la diversidad y abundancia de las ornitocenosis en pinares y hayedos de la Comunidad foral de Navarra. Gobierno de Navarra. 2000-2002. (Co-leaders: J.J. Cuervo and E. Moreno).
  • Estudio y seguimiento de las poblaciones de murciélagos u sus interacciones con los Parques Eólicos en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra. Gobierno de Navarra. 2000-2002. (Co-leaders: E. Moreno and J. Benzal).
  • Estudio del Camachuelo Trompetero: Patrones de distribución y selección de hábitat en Andalucía. Junta de Andalucía. 2003.
  • Modificaciones adaptativas de la extremidad posterior en los Passeriformes palustres: un estudio ecomorfológico y evolutivo.
  • Plasticidad ecológica y morfología. La importancia del diseño en la reducción de costes de subordinación. DGES PB98 0506.1999-2002.
  • Consecuencias ecológicas y evolutivas del diseño animal. Un estudio ecomorfológico utilizando Passeriformes como organismos modelo. DGES PB95 0103. 1996-1999.
  • Plasticidad ecológica y plasticidad fenotípica. Un estudio biogeográfico con especies del género Parus. DGESIC. Acción Integrada Hispano-Francesa HF98-73. 1999-2000.
  • Estudio del Camachuelo Trompetero: patrones de dispersión y demografía. 2004. Junta de Andalucía - EGMASA
  • Etude pilote dans la région pyrénéenne (phase II). European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation (Under contract of the European Environment Agency). 1996.
  • Harmonisation de la terminologie des données relatives aux espèces. European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation (Under contract of the European Environment Agency). July 1996-January 1997.
  • Base de données sur les synonymes d’espèces. European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation (Under contract of the European Environment Agency). May-November 1997.
  • Mise à jour de la base de données EUNIS sur les synonymes d’espèces. European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation (Under contract of the European Environment Agency). 1998.
  • Background data and information for the EEA report on biodiversity in Europe on species and habitats in arid lands in the Mediterranean part of Europe. Agencia Europea de Medio Ambiente. 2000. 1999
  • DGICYT/Kernfor-schungenszentrum Karlsruhe (GMBH) . HA 39ª. 1990. IP.
  • 3) Submitted papers  

    Barrientos, R., Valera, F., Barbosa, A., Carrillo, C. & Moreno, E. (submitted). Biogeography of haemo- and ectoparasites of an arid-land bird, the Trumpeter finch.

    Moreno, E., Pérez-González, J. & Carranza, J. (submitted). Increased fitness after experimental inbreeding in a captive population of the endangered Cuvier’s gazelle: A demonstration of purging.

     Ibáñez, B., Cervantes, I., Gutiérrez, JP, Moreno, E. & Goyache, F. (submitted). Additive genetic variability of early juvenile survival in a captive population of the endangered Cuvier’s gazelle (Gazella cuvieri): insights for conservation.

     Ibáñez, B., de Andrés Cara, D. F. & Moreno, E. (submitted). Haematology and serum biochemistry parameters in vaccinated vs unvaccinated captive gazelles: Implications for zoo management practices.


    Publications  (Please, e-mail me if you are interested in getting a reprint, copy, or additional information. Or write to my postal address. 

    Barrientos, R.,Kvist, L.,Barbosa, A.,Valera, F.,Khoury, F.,Varela, S.,Moreno, E. 2014. Refugia, colonization and diversification of an arid-adapted bird: Coincident patterns between genetic data and ecological niche modelling. Molecular Ecology, 23: 390-407.
    Díaz, M.,Aguilar-Amat, J.,Arroyo, B.,Barba, E.,González-Solis, J.,Laiolo, P.,de Lope, F.,Merino, S.,Moreno, E.,Obeso, R.,Velando, A.,de Juana, E.,Ruíz, A. 2013. Sobre malvasías paquistaníes y otras consideraciones. Quercus, 326: 80-81.
    Ibáñez, MB.,Moreno, E.,Barbosa, A. 2013. Parity, but not inbreeding, affects juvenile mortality in two captive endangered gazelles. Animal Conservation, 16 (1): 108-117.
    Moreno, E.,Sane, A.,Benzal, J.,Ibáñez, MB.,Sanz-Zuasti, J.,Espeso, G. 2012. Changes in Habitat Structure May Explain Decrease in Reintroduced Mohor Gazelle Population in the Guembeul Fauna Reserve, Senegal. Animals, 2: 347-360. DOI:10.3390/ani2030347.
    Sánchez, S.,Cuervo, J.J.,Moreno, E. 2012. Vegetation structure in beech-fir forests:Effects on the avian community. Rev. Écol. La Terre et al Vie, 67 (2): 213-222.
    Salinas, M.,Carranza, J.,Moreno, E.,Espeso, G. 2012. Nanger dama mhorr haplotype 2 D-loop, partial sequence; mitochondrial. Accession number: JQ065725, available at
    Salinas, M,Carranza, J,Moreno, E.,Espeso, G 2012. Nanger dama mhorr haplotype 1 D-loop, partial sequence; mitochondrial. Accession number: JQ065724, available at
    Salinas, M,Carranza, J,Moreno, E.,Espeso, G 2012. Gazella cuvieri haplotype 1 D-loop, partial sequence; mitochondrial . Accession number: JQ065722, available at
    Salinas, M,Carranza, J,Moreno, E.,Espeso, G 2012. Gazella cuvieri haplotype 2 D-loop, partial sequence; mitochondrial . Accession number: JQ065723, available at
    Moreno, E. 2012. Camachuelo Trompetero. En, SEO/BirdLife: Atlas de las aves en invierno en España 2007-2010, pp. 532-533. Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente-SEO/BirdLife. Madrid. ISBN: 978-84-8014-840-5.
    Ibáñez, B.,Moreno, E.,Barbosa, A. 2011. No inbreeding effects on body size in two captive endangered gazelles. Mammalian Biology, 76: 748-753..
    Moreno, E.,Ibáñez, M.B,Barbosa, A 2011. Mother traits and offspring sex in two threatened gazelle species in captivity.. Journal for Nature Conservation, 19: 148-153..
    Moreno, E.,Espeso, G 2011. Project ter versterking van de populatie damagazellen in Senegal (Reinforcement of the dama gazelle population in Senegal). De Harpij, 2: 13-16. ISSN: 1382-9157.
    Moreno, E. 2010. Los programas de cría en cautividad: Una herramienta necesaria para la conservación de especies amenazadas . Lychnos, 3: 48-53. ISSN: 2171-6463.
    Moreno, E.,Barbosa, A.,Valera, F.,Benzal, J.,Carrillo, C.,Barrientos, R.,García, L. 2010. Tras la pista de un recién llegado: ¿de dónde vienen y adónde van los camachuelos trompeteros?. Etologuia, 22: 39-49.
    Barrientos, R.,Kvist, L.,Barbosa, A.,Valera, F.,López-Iborra, G.,Moreno, E. 2009. Colonization patterns and genetic structure of peripheral populations of the trumpeter finch (Bucanetes githagineus) from Northwest Africa, the Canary Islands and the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Biogeography, 36: 210-219.
    Barrientos, R.,Valera, F.,Barbosa, A.,Carrillo, CM,Moreno, E. 2009. Plasticity of nest site selection in the trumpeter finch: a comparison between two habitats. Acta Oecologica, 35: 499-506.
    Moreno, E. 2009. Resturación de ungulados sahelo-saharianos en la Meseta de Tagant. En: Conservación y desarrollo en la Meseta de Tagant (Mauritania), Universidad Complutense.
    Barrientos, R.,Barbosa, A.,Valera, F.,Moreno, E. 2009. Breeding parameters of the trumpeter finch at the periphery of its range: A case study with mainland expanding and island populations. Journal of Arid Environments, 73: 1177–1180.
    Moreno, E. 2009. La conducta de las aves en un ambiente extremo. La Garcilla, 140: 31. ISSN: 0212-923-X.
    Moreno, E.,Espeso, G. 2008. Cuvier's Gazelle, Gazella cuvieri, International Studbook. Managing and Husbandry Guidelines. Editado por el Ayuntamiento de Roquetas de Mar (Área de Cultura). Almería. 152 pp. ISBN:978-84-936827-0-5.
    Moya-Laraño, J.,Vinkovic´, D.,De Mas, E.,Lupe Corcobado,Moreno, E. 2008. Morphological Evolution of Spiders Predicted by Pendulum Mechanics. PLoS ONE, 3(3): e1841. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001841.
    Moya-Laraño, J.,Vincovic, D.,De Mas, E.,Corcobado, G.,Moreno, E. 2008. Morphological evolution of spiders predicted by pendulum mechanics. PloS ONE 3(3), e1841. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001841.
    Moreno, E. 2008. El Camachuelo Trompetero: un recién llegado a España. En: Las Aves de Andalucía. Una visión dibujada., págs. 28-29. Fundación Migres & Fundación Gypaetus. ISBN: 978-84-935194-8-3.
    Carrillo, CM,Barbosa, A.,Valera, F.,Barrientos, R.,Moreno, E. 2007. Northward expansion of a desert bird: Effects of climate change?. Ibis, 149: 166-169.
    Carrillo, CM,Valera, F.,Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 2007. Thriving in an arid environment: High prevalence of avian lice in low humidity conditions. Ecoscience, 14(2): 241-249.
    Barrientos, R.,Barbosa, A.,Valera, F.,Moreno, E. 2007. Temperature but not rainfall influences timing of breeding in a desert bird, the trumpeter finch (Bucanetes githagineus). Journal of Ornithology, 148: 411-416.
    Carrillo, CM,Moreno, E.,Valera, F.,Barbosa, A. 2007. Seed selection by the Trumpeter finch, Bucanetes githagineus. What currency does this arid land species value?. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 44:377-386.
    Sánchez, S.,Cuervo, J.J.,Moreno, E. 2007. Does habitat structure affect body condition of nestlings? A case study with woodland great tits Parus major. Acta Ornithologica, 42: 200-204.
    Sánchez, S.,Cuervo, J.J.,Moreno, E. 2007. Suitable cavities as a scarce resource for both cavity and non-cavity nesting birds in managed temperate forests. A case study in the Iberian Peninsula. Ardeola, 54: 261-274.
    Moreno, E.,Carrillo, CM,Barbosa, A.,Valera, F. 2006. Camachuelo Trompetero. En M. Yanes y J.M. Delgado: Aves Esteparias en Andalucía. Bases para su conservación. Manuales de Conservación de la Naturaleza, 3. Consejería de Medio Ambiente. Junta de Andalucía. Sevilla, pp. 60-61.
    Calmaestra, R.G.,Moreno, E. 2005. Forelimb muscles and migration: finding ecomorphological patterns using a phylogenetically-based method. Ardeola, 52: 253-268..
    Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 2004. Cell-mediated immune response affects food intake but not body mass: an experiment with wintering great tits. Ecoscience, 11: 305-309.
    Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 2004. Una visión de la ornitología española a través de 50 años de Ardeola. Ardeola, 51: 3-18.
    Moreno, E. 2004. Las aves y los estudios ecomorfológicos. En, J. L. Tellería (Ed.): La Ornitología hoy. Homenaje al Profesor Francisco Bernis, pág. 53-71. Editorial Complutense. Madrid..
    Valera, F.,Carrillo, CM,Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 2003. Low prevalence of haematozoa in Trumpeter finches Bucanetes githagineus from Southeastern Spain: additional support for a restricted distribution of blood parasites in arid lands . Journal of Arid Environments, 55: 209-213.
    Barluenga, M.,Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 2003. Effect of daily body mass variation on the foraging behaviour of tit species (Parus spp.). Ethology, 109: 971-979.
    Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 2002. Sex differences in T-cell-mediated immune response in great tits Parus major.. Avian Science, 2: 99-102.
    Barluenga, M.,Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 2001. Differences in daily mass gain between subordinate species are explained by differences in ecological plasticity. Ecoscience, 8: 437-440.
    Calmaestra, R.G.,Moreno, E. 2001. A phylogenetically-based analysis on the relationship between wing morphology and migratory behaviour in Passeriformes. Ardea, 89: 405-414.
    Moreno, E.,Barluenga, M.,Barbosa, A. 2001. Ecological plasticity by morphological design reduces costs of subordination: influence on species distribution.. Oecologia, 128: 603-607.
    Barluenga, M.,Moreno, E.,Barbosa, A. 2001. Foraging behaviour of subordinate Great Tits (Parus major). Can morphology reduce the costs of subordination?.. Ethology, 107: 877-888.
    Barluenga, M.,Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 2000. Social relationships in great tits (Parus major), wintering in a mountainous habitat in Central Spain. Ardeola, 47: 19-27.
    Barbosa, A.,Barluenga, M.,Moreno, E. 2000. Effects of body mass on subordinates foraging behaviour in Coal Tits, Parus ater. Ibis, 142: 428-434.
    Calmaestra, R.G.,Moreno, E. 2000. Ecomorphological patterns related to migration. A comparative osteological study with passerines. Journal of Zoology, London, 252: 495-501.
    Moreno, E.,Moreno, J.,de León, A. 1999. The effect of nest size on stone-gathering behaviour in the chinstrap penguin. Polar Biol, 22:90-92.
    Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 1999. Hindlimb morphology and locomotor performance in waders. An evolutionary approach. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 67:313-330.
    Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 1999. Evolution of foraging strategies in shorebirds : an ecomorphological approach. Auk, 126:712-725.
    Moreno, J.,de León, A.,Fargallo, J.A.,Moreno, E. 1998. Breeding time, health and immune response in the chinstrap penguin Pygoscelis antartica. Oecologia, 115 :312-319.
    Mínguez, E.,Fargallo, J.A.,De León, A.,Moreno, J.,Moreno, E. 1998. Age-related variations in bill size of chinstrap penguins. Colonial Waterbirds, 2:66-68.
    Calmaestra, R.G.,Moreno, E. 1998. Ecomorphological patterns related to migration in the genus Sylvia : an osteological analysis. Ardeola, 45 :21-27.
    Moreno, E.,Barbosa, A.,Carrascal, L.M. 1997. Should congruence between intra- and interspecific ecomorphological relationships be expected ? A case study with the great tit, Parus major. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B., 264 :533-539.
    Moreno, E.,Møller, A.P. 1996. Morphological aspects of avian tail movements: A functional approach in hirundines. The Auk, 113: 647-654.
    Moreno, E.,Carrascal, L.M. 1995. Hoarding Nuthatches spend more time hiding a husked seed than an unhusked seed. Ardea, 83: 391-395.
    Carrascal, L.M.,Moreno, E.,Mozetich, I. 1995. Ecological plasticity of morphological designs. An exterimental analysis with Tit species. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 73: 2005-2009.
    Barbosa, A.,Moreno, E. 1995. Convergence in insectivorous aerial feeding birds. Netherlands Journal of Zoolgy, 45: 291-304.
    Carrascal, L.M.,Moreno, E.,Valido, A. 1994. Morphological evolution and changes in foraging behaviour of island and mainland populations of Blue Tit Parus caeruleus. A test of convergence and ecomorphological hypotheses. Evolutionary Ecology, 8: 25-35.
    Moreno, E. 1993. Ecomorphological pattern of aerial feeding in Oscines (Passeriformes: Passeri). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 50: 147-165.
    Carrascal, L.M.,Moreno, E. 1993. Food caching vs immediate consumption in the Nuthatch: the effect of social context. Ardea, 81: 135-141.
    Moreno, E.,Carrascal, L.M. 1993. Hindlimb morphology and feeding postures in four species of Parus species. An experimental ecomorphological approach. Ecology, 74: 2037-2044.
    Carrascal, L.M.,Moreno, E. 1992. Proximal costs and benefits of heterospecific social foraging in Great Tit Parus major. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 70: 1947-1952.
    Moreno, E.,Barbosa, A. 1992. Distribution pattern of small mammal fauna along latitudinal and altitudinal gradients in Northern Spain. Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 157:169-175.
    Carrascal, L.M.,Moreno, E. 1992. Scanning behaviour and spatial niche. Journal für Ornithology, 133: 73-77.
    Moreno, E.,Carrascal, L.M. 1991. Patch residence time and vigilance in birds foraging at feeders. Implications of bill shape. Ethology, Ecology and Evolution, 4:345-350.
    Moreno, E. 1991. Pelvic appendage musculature of the Treecreepers (Passeriformes: Certhiidae). Myological adaptations for tail-supported climbing. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69: 2456-2460.
    Carrascal, L.M.,Moreno, E.,Tellería, J.L. 1990. Ecomorphological relationships in a group of insectivorous birds of temperate forests in winter. Holarctic Ecology, 13: 105-111.
    Moreno, E. 1990. Form and function of the fibularis brevis muscle in some passerine birds. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 27: 3-9.
    Moreno, E. 1990. The musculi flexor perforatus digiti II and flexor digitorum longus in Paridae. Condor, 92: 634-638.
    Benzal, J.,Moreno, E. 1989. On the bat fauna distribution in Madrid (Central Spain. En:. Hanak, V., Horacek, I. & Gaisler (eds.) European Bat Research, 1987: 363-371.

    26 January 2023
    Ctra. de Sacramento s/n La Cañada de San Urbano, 04120 Almería (Spain)
    Tel:(+34) 950 281045 Fax:(+34) 950 277100 Mov:(+34) 680 412353
    webmaster [at]
    XHTML 1.0 valid CSS valid WCAG AA valid Internet Explorer compatible Firefox compatible Url Georeferenced Google Maps Asp.Net 2.0 powered MS SQL powered